#168: First Frontier (TOS #75)

This week, an experiment gone wrong sends the Enterprise back to when dinosaurs ruled the earth. But when they discover that this Earth got through puberty without a crater face, it’s off to the Guardian of Forever to set right what once didn’t go wrong. What does an injured Captain Kirk bring to a story’s table? Are Starfleet officers aware of what they’re signing up for? Is Diane Carey, for that matter? All this and more in First Frontier, the book that doesn’t go as all in as you would hope.

First Frontier
Authors: Diane Carey, Dr. James I. Kirkland (scientific consultant and story advisor)
Pages: 383
Published: August 1995
Timeline: Sometime after “The Omega Glory” (S2E23)
Prerequisites: None
Not to be confused with: Final Frontier or First Strike, both also Diane Carey novels

It’s difficult to overstate how ubiquitous dinosaurs were in popular culture in the 1990s. Once Jurassic Park ran roughshod over the box office and melted moviegoers’ faces, history’s most fearsome reptiles became nigh inescapable. This was especially true in children’s media, where cartoons and live-action productions ruled the airwaves in equal measure. One of the lead characters on one of the most popular sitcoms of the day was a paleontologist. Bill Watterson actually backed off of drawing them in Calvin and Hobbes for a while in the wake of Jurassic Park, fearing his renderings hopelessly antiquated next to movie magic. Those are just a few examples off the top of my head from the tip of a very large iceberg.

Now, thanks to this project, I learn that even Star Trek got in on the prehistoric action. But if it’s the dinosaurs you’re here for, however, you’re going to be waiting a while to get to the fireworks factory. And even then, First Frontier isn’t really about dinosaurs so much as power struggles between alternate-timeline Klingons, Romulans, and Vulcans, which to be perfectly frank was not what I was here for. While I’m hesitant to slam a book for not being what I personally wanted it to be—that’s neither the fault nor the responsibility of the book or the author—I’d be lying if I said I wasn’t hoping this was going to be a gleefully stoopid romp. But before we get too far ahead of ourselves, let’s roll into the usual plot recap.

While testing some experimental new shields, the Enterprise gets too close to a blue giant and passes through an accretion disk to a brave new universe—one where the Klingons and Romulans have annihilated countless other species and are left with basically only each other to artlessly pummel the gagh out of, and where no one appears to have heard of either Earth or the Federation. A trip to Terra reveals the same old geography, but no familiar landmarks or traces of human development. Unsurprisingly, it’s Spock who eventually connects the dots, arriving at the realization that in this timeline, the asteroid that led to the dinosaurs’ extinction never struck Earth, which means that mammals never had a chance to gain a foothold on the evolutionary ladder and become the planet’s dominant life form, and thus the Federation never rose to bring balance, law, and order to the galaxy.

After picking up a couple of disgraced Klingon kamikaze pilots, they head to the one constant in the universe, the Guardian of Forever, to jump back to the point before the asteroid struck, figure out why it didn’t happen, and make it happen. While they’re there, the Enterprise is destroyed in battle, leaving only Kirk, Spock, Bones, and a couple of scientists and security guards as the last humans remaining in the universe. Before they get taken out in similar fashion, they jump through the portal at the last common point in the two Earths’ pasts, 65 million some-odd years ago, and must survive the ravages of the Terran jungle—and, in Kirk’s case, a debilitating leg injury he spends the entire book refusing to properly treat—to make that asteroid strike happen.

For a book that’s nearly 400 pages long—for a Star Trek novel, practically a doorstopper—there is somehow simultaneously too much going on and not enough. The book starts with an exciting prologue that immediately introduces the dino characters, who are based on the Troodon, a species once thought to have potentially had a puncher’s chance of developing intelligence were it not for the extinction event. But after a strong introduction, it’s nearly three hundred pages before we meet them again. Everything that happens in-between drags on several pages longer than it needs to. I understand that Carey is a name that got readers excited and sold books, but she or someone else seems to have believed that that made her somehow editor-proof, and that is a misapprehension that does quite a bit of damage to this book.

Another significant contributor to that damage is Kirk himself. Kirk begs off properly treating a bite from a “hairy thrillkiller scorpion”, and if Dr. McCoy thinks that obstinacy is frustrating, he should try reading about it from the vantage point of someone living in a country with garbage healthcare who can barely even conceive of the kind of easy fix 23rd-century medicine can offer. Would it kill Kirk to take a hypo and get six hours of sleep? Would it make him look like any less brave to his crew? This conflict exists for no justifiable reason and brings nothing of substance to the table. But because of this artificial source of conflict that could be easily solved if not for petulant behavior, we have to watch Kirk limp around and gripe at everybody for 400 pages. He even tells Spock to get some rest at one point. The nerve! Captain, heal thyself.

Kirk also exhibits an inconsistent knowledge of science. For the most part, his officers pretty much have to stop just short of breaking out hand puppets to walk him through most concepts. He has no idea that an asteroid strike killed the dinosaurs, a gap in general knowledge that literally makes other characters react, correctly, with incredulity. But when the landing party needs to create explosives, he suddenly knows every material they need and every potential chemical reaction those materials can create. Also, whether because of the injury or because he woke up on the wrong side of his quarters or who knows what, Kirk is extremely irritable and hostile, always snapping at this or that person and wearing his impatience on his sleeve. Thoroughly unpleasant characters aren’t unwelcome, but generally speaking, it’s better when those characters aren’t the captain of the side you’re supposed to be rooting for.

And of course, as I’ve touched on, the dinosaur material is completely wasted. I was hoping for something like the Enterprise crew being thrust into a situation where they have to work alongside a dinosauroid crew to achieve some common goal, but what I actually got had a decidedly more bitter flavor. The story ultimately serves only to assert the primacy of Earth and the Federation and their dire necessity to the balance of the cosmos, and this is an awful lot of felled trees to support such a frankly dismal point. The idea of the dinosauroids constantly destroying themselves with nuclear war every time they reach that technological advance is harrowing and conveyed well, and I like the idea that they need to overcome their innate brutality to succeed on the galactic stage, but in the end they turn out to be nothing more than Earth dinosaurs transplanted by the Preservers to a different planet who are mad at the Federation for not allowing them to expand as aggressively as they want and who must be punished for refusing to meekly bend the knee to human and mammalian supremacy. After reams of boring stuff about Klingons and Romulans destroying everyone in the galaxy before finally turning on each other, it’s more than a bit of a downer.

If anything, First Frontier is a good reminder to keep one’s expectations for Star Trek literature low to middling. I allowed myself to get really excited about this premise, hoping that it would result in some entertaining Season Three-esque shenanigans, but it took itself way too seriously and got sidetracked with a bunch of things that weren’t exciting as the initial promise, and as a result I’m way more disappointed than I probably would have been otherwise. If a book is going to be this long with print this small, it has a lot of work to do to maintain a baseline level of excitement, and boy howdy, this book was not up to that task.


  • My MVP this week is Spock. Not only does he take the lead on figuring out most of the important stuff, he also seems genuinely excited about all this, although this is one of those cases where there’s not really a whole lot of time for him to comfortably go on at length about his discoveries. I can’t confirm it, but it feels like Carey used Jurassic Park as a model in supporting a fantastical story with the best science the day had to offer. In the book version of Jurassic Park, loading pages with heaps of modern theory and techno-speak was cool, and the way Michael Crichton streamlined it all for layman readers was an outstanding achievement that I actually don’t think gets enough credit, but it came at the expense of a lot of character development. Star Trek, however, has the advantage of not suffering from that, since these are characters we already know and whose behavior we’re acquainted with well enough that it doesn’t have to be re-established every time we return to them. When Spock indulges in a luxuriant paragraph of expository material, it’s both refreshing and in-character, and to be honest, these were my favorite parts of the book.
  • This week’s LVP is Dale Bannon, a lieutenant who gets one assignment, immediately flips out, realizes that Starfleet is way more than he bargained for, and starts getting all snippy and whiny and passive-aggressive before finally taking a swing at Kirk at the height of his frustration. If any character needs a redemption arc, it’s this one, though to call what he gets a redemption arc would be a pretty big stretch. It’s fairly galling that this book has the temerity to suggest that women are too delicate for tough assignments (see below) and need to be looked after by big strong men when a male character like this exists and was written into the same book.

Nuggets & Stray Bits

  • Diane Carey’s daughter offered the title Lost Frontier, which frankly is much better, not least of all because, as Carey herself pointed out in Voyages of Imagination, it would have prevented people from getting it confused with all the other Star Trek novels she’s written that have titles starting with F.
  • Spock, p. 223: “There is no cold, dense, oxygen-rich water sinking and propelling circulation. Less nutrients come back to the surface.” — You never come out looking like the good guy when you nitpick about grammar, but I can’t let it slide here. It’s just that Spock doesn’t strike me as the kind of guy who misses the distinction between less and fewer.
  • Fans of the podcast The Greatest Generation will surely get a kick out of a certain dinosaur‘s appearance on pages 261 to 264.
  • “[Kirk] hated being responsible for a woman in this uncivilized place, especially one so young, who should have a future. He shouldn’t have brought her. He hated to see women die.” — Wouldn’t be a Diane Carey novel without at least a little bit of this disgusting nonsense. You’d think that by the 23rd century, people would know not only what they’re signing up for, but that other people would know as well, and wouldn’t feel the need for this troglodytic paternal agonizing that no one asked for. (p. 278)
  • Kirk, speaking about Oya, p. 378: “She’s a smart girl.” — Gah! Diane! What are you doing?!? “Clever girl” was right there!!
  • There’s an ad in the back of this one for a book called Make It So, which purports to impart lessons in corporate leadership drawn from and inspired by the adventures of Jean-Luc Picard and the Enterprise-D. I do occasionally cover non-novel Trek books in this space, and although I hadn’t heard of this one until I saw this ad, I may have to double back and cover it sometime, because I am very curious to see what the corporate world takes away from a decidedly uncapitalistic show like Star Trek.

Final Assessment

Bad. If I had been aware of this book when I was eleven or twelve, I probably would have thought it was the coolest thing in the world. Star Trek? Dinosaurs? How can you lose? Pretty easily, it turns out. This could have been a lot of fun, but it really loses its way after a strong introduction, getting mired down in uninteresting Klingon/Romulan alternate history and constantly re-upping on a deeply unlikable rendering of Kirk. This is as juicy a premise as any Trek author has ever come up with, and it’s sad to see it go to such protracted and dull waste.

NEXT TIME: Keiko’s class goes on a Field Trip


#167: The Ferengi Rules of Acquisition (DS9, misc.)


#169: Field Trip (DS9 YA #6)


  1. Adam Goss

    It’s been years since I read this. I remember few things about it, having blotted out the bad characterizations from my memory. I remember the plodding dull pace, meeting a 23rd century dino on the alternate Earth, the reference to “deep time” which to this day I think is actually a pretty cool phrase, the balloon ride, and the frustration with the dinos (how they were hardly there, the ugly portryal of them, and the fact that they weren’t Voth – tho that’s just due to them not being invented for Voyager yet). “Doorstop” is an awfully well chosen word as it’s pretty much all this book was good for in the end.

  2. A.D.

    Spock looks like he’s fed up with velociraptors photobombing his covers.

    “I understand that Carey is a name that got readers excited and sold books, but she or someone else seems to have believed that that made her somehow editor-proof, and that is a misapprehension that does quite a bit of damage to this book.”

    Carey was a very poor writer. Not just because of her comical insistence in shoehorning her love of sailing into futuristic sci-fi books, or because she feels the need to occasionally have the characters stand on a soapbox to espouse (OOC) libertarian beliefs – it’s because she sucks at the most basic level as a writer. Her overuse of said-bookisms is amateurish, and she uses writes some of the worst similes and metaphors I have ever read.

    I only made it through the first three chapters of First Frontier before giving up. Usually, I wouldn’t bail on a book so soon, but after reading lines like this I knew there was no chance this book would ever be anything but dreadful:

    “The Enterprise clung to her reputation. Strong and defiant, able to take those body blows with dispassion, she shot toward the accretion disk even as it ripped the giant star’s gorgeous inferno off like a cheap wig.”

    And this:

    “No matter the doctor’s low voice, no matter the distracting and horrific beauty of the great star showing its spectra like a dance hall girl flashing her petticoats before them, the words somehow carried.”

    And needless said-bookisms like this:

    “We wouldn’t want to tamper with somebody’s sunshine,” Kirk clipped.

    I don’t think the word clipped can be used like that. Even if it could be, and even if you insist on finding alternatives to simply saying “he said”, I’m pretty sure you could find a word that fit better.

    I’m at a loss as to how she became one of the most popular writers of her time. I’d like to place the blame on the editors, but the fans lapped it up so they are the ones ultimately to blame. She wrote over 30 books, for God’s sake. Inconceivable.

    My impression of the editors of Trek fiction is that they prize someone hitting their deadlines with the minimum of editorial input above all else. The books don’t actually have to be good, just good enough. There are a lot of older Trek books that have some serious (and obvious) plot holes; heck there are a few books that I don’t even seem to have been proofread. But the fans bought ’em so what do I know?

  3. SC

    I loved this one! It came out when I was 13 so I guess I was the right age for it, but I have re-read it a few times since then and still found it entertaining. I guess I’m in the minority here, but I find Carey’s prose interesting and enjoyable, especially when so many Star Trek authors seem to go out of their way (or are encourages by editors) to write in a kind of bland/flavourless style.

    I’m really enjoying your reviews– hope you keep going!

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